Chaps 1-3Characters: Lockwood and Heathcliff
1. The novel has a first-person narrator named Lockwood. Describe what you know about the narrator from the first chapters. What is he like? What mistakes in judgment does he make–in terms of the place, his visit to the place, Heathcliff and the others’ identities?
2. Why is Lockwood so interested in Heathcliff? Why does he pay the second visit if he is not welcome in the first (thinking that he himself is “sociable” p. 7)? He said that Heathcliff “love and hate, equally under cover. . . ” and then acknowledge them as his own attributes. Do you find it true, considering, for instance, how he deals with the ghost of Catherine? (We will compare and contrast Lockwood and Heathcliff more when we talk about the novel as a whole.)
3. Emily Bronte liked dogs. How are the dogs presented here and how does Lockwood deal with them?
4. We get to see Heathcliff first from Lockwood’s perspective and then in Catherine’s diary (chap 3). How would you characterize the Heathcliff old and young? What more do we know about bout the Earnshaw family from Catherine’s diary.
5. The third aspect of Heathcliff: Heathcliff’s call to Catherine gets Lockwood, and us, more curious about their past. How else does Lockwood respond to Heathcliff’s emotional outburst? And you?
6. The other characters: The second generation Hareton and Catherine will play a more important role later on.
Chaps 1-3 Settings & the Gothic
1. The appearance of the ghost is part of what makes Wuthering Heights a gothic novel. Look up the terms “gothic” and “gothic novel.” What are the characteristics of gothic literature? Which of those characteristics do you see in the first chapters of the novel? How does the setting of the novel relate to its gothic quality? Is the place Wuthering Heights one?